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Strabismus (Cross or Turned Eye)



Strabismus occurs when both eyes are unable to properly team and align together. As a result, one or both eyes will appear to cross-in or wander-out of alignment.


The word ‘Strabismus’ is an umbrella term used to describe an eye turn. However, the condition itself is often further classified by the direction of the eye turn, the frequency of the turn, and by which eye(s) are affected. These classifications include:

  • Esotropia – Inward turning

  • Exotropia – Outward turning

  • Hypertropia – Upward turning

  • Hypotropia – Downward turning

  • Constant or Intermittent – The frequency in which a turn occurs.

  • Unilateral or Bilateral – Whether it involves one eye or both eyes.

  • Alternating – If the turning of an eye occurs in the left eye and other times in the right eye.

The Risk of Developing Amblyopia

When the eyes are unable to align, the risk of developing Amblyopia (Lazy Eye) increases. This occurs when the brain receives separate images leading to double vision. This confusion leads the brain to suppress or “turn off” the double image from the deviated eye. When left untreated in early childhood, strabismus can lead to this form of vision loss known as Amblyopia or Lazy Eye.


We provide comprehensive office-based vision therapy and innovative home-support for more effective results. Our advanced treatment:

  • Is not limited by age

  • Utilizes the latest technology & methods

At Vital Vision Therapy, we are a leading developmental and rehabilitative vision therapy practice. Our doctors and vision therapists treat strabismus with intensive office-based vision therapy for effective results. We address strabismus with a personalized approach. Each session is one-on-one (therapist-to-patient), conducted under doctor supervision. Our providers utilize the latest technology and methods, to develop binocular vision and depth perception, making treatment enjoyable and productive. Furthermore, our treatment is designed for all ages.

When surgery is indicated, we work with ophthalmologists who specialize in strabismus surgery and co-manage the patient’s care before and after surgery.

Our advanced treatment includes:

  • Intensive Binocular Vision Therapy

  • Visual Processing Development

  • Oculomotor Vision Therapy

  • Eye-Hand Coordination Development

  • Accommodation “Eye Focusing” Therapy

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